India is a country with a huge dependence on agriculture, which contribute a major part in the country’s GDP and employ about 49% workforce of the country. Agriculture is one of the most important sectors in the country with a contribution of more than 15% in India’s GDP. Rivers play an important role in irrigation and provide sufficient amount of water required for growing crops. There are a large number of rivers in India and some of them are perennial and some of them are annual. In this post, the ranking of rivers is done on the basis of their length in India. These rivers have helped the country to sustain lives of the residents. So, here is the list of top 10 longest rivers in India. These have proven to be life-sustaining for the Indians who have always worshipped rivers since the ancient times :
10. CHENAB- 504 kms:
Featuring at the 10th position of this list of longest rivers in India, Chenab is an important river of India that originates from Lahaul Valley of Himachal Pradesh. The total length of Chenab is 960 kilometres, but it traverse a length of 504 kilometres in India. Chenab passes through the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir and enters into Punjab, a province of Pakistan. Some of the important tributaries of this river are Miyar Nalla, Marusudar, Niru and Tawi.
9. TAPTI- 724km :
River Tapti with a length of 724 kilometres is placed at 9th in the list of top 10 longest rivers in India. Tapti originates from Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh and passes through Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat before falling into the Gulf of Khambhat of the Arabian Sea. It is a major source of irrigation in the states it passes by.
8. KAVERI- 800 km:
Kaveri is an important river of South India, which originate from the Western Ghats in Karnataka and flows through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Some of the major distributaries of Kaveri are Nandalar, Noolar, Nattar, Vanjiyar and Puravadiayanar. All these distributaries of Kaveri River are seasonal i.e they flow only for a particular period of the year.The total area of Kaveri River Basin is more than 81,000 square kilometres, which is about 2.7% of total area of the country and is a major source of irrigation for the agricultural practices in the region. There has been many conflicts between the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu for releasing Kaveri river to Tamil Nadu in the recent past.
7. MAHANADI- 858 kms:
Mahanadi is next on this list, which is a seasonal river formed by a combination of various mountain streams and flows for 858 kilometres. Mahanadi flows through Chhattisgarh and Odisha and finally fall into the Bay of Bengal through various channels.
6. BRAHMAPUTRA- 916kms:
Brahmaputra is one of the longest rivers in Asia with a total length of 2,900 kilometers, but it traverses a length of 916 kilometers in India and therefore, placed at 6th position in this list. It originates in China and there have been lot of conflicts between India and China regarding construction of Dam by China to this river. Brahmaputra is also one of the widest rivers in the world, as it flows with a width of 10 kilometres in parts of Assam.
5. NARMADA- 1,312 km:
Narmada, one of the most sacred rivers in India is placed at 5th in the list of top 10 longest rivers in India. Apart from being the fifth longest river in India, Narmada is also one of the three rivers in India that flow from the east direction to west direction and joins the Arabian Sea. The other two rivers are Tapti and Mahi. The maximum part of Narmada is in Madhya Pradesh that covers 1,077 kilometres. Most debated topic back then, Sardar Sarovar Dam, one of the largest dams in India is constructed on Narmada, which is of 1,210 metres in length. Some of the important towns that are located on the banks of Narmada are Jabalpur, Mandla, Hoshangabad, Dewas and Bharuch.
4. YAMUNA- 1,376km:
Yamuna is another most sacred river in India with religious importance. The origin of Yamuna is from Yamunotri Glacier in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand. Some of the major tributaries of the Yamuna are Chambal, Ken, Tons and Hindon. Tons is the largest tributary of the holy river Yamuna, which join the Yamuna near Dehradun in Uttarakhand. This river sustains the industries and agriculture in the region it flows. It is notable that one of the world’s wonders, Taj Mahal is situated in its banks.
3. KRISHNA- 1,400kms:
Up next in the list is River Krishna that originates from Mahabaleswar, a city in Satara district of Maharashtra. Krishna flows through Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and traverse a length of 1,400 kilometres before falling into the Bay of Bengal. Koyna, Venna, Tarli and Urmodi are the four rivers that meet Krishna river at a confluence, called Preeti Sangam in Satara, Maharashtra.
2. GODAVARI- 1,465kms:
With a length of 1,465 kilometers, Godavari ranks 2nd in the list of top 10 longest rivers in India. Godavari originates from Western Ghats near Nasik in Maharashtra and joins the Bay of Bengal. Godavari passes through Maharashtra, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and in Rajahmundry district of Andhra Pradesh, the river splits into two distributaries, which are Vriddha Gautami and Vasishta Godavari. These two distributaries further split into four distributaries, which fall into the Bay of Bengal and form a fertile delta.
1. GANGA- 2,525 kms:
When it’s about longest rivers in India, one of the holiest rivers as per Hindu beliefs, Ganga stands on top of the list. Ganga is not only the longest river in India, but also has sustained a very fertile basin with over million people residing by the river. Due to the presence of a large population near Ganga, pollution has increased manifold as compared to last few decades. To clean and rejuvenate Ganga, Government of India has made policies and action plans that are very necessarily to be carried out to protect the river.
This was the list of top 10 longest rivers in India. The list is based on flow of river only in India not the whole length of river .All these rivers have proved very influential in the lives of people in a agriculture-based country like India .