Cotton is an important crop that finds application in clothing and other sectors. India ranks at 2nd position among all cotton producing countries in the world. The area in which cotton is grown is more than 125 Lakh Hectares and the total production of the cotton in 2014-15 crossed the mark of 400 Lakh Bales. The Government of India for the year 2014-15 has increased the Minimum Support Price for cotton by Rs 50 per quintal.
Cotton is produced in more than 12 states in India and among all states, Gujarat is the largest cotton producing state in India with a production of 125 Lakh Bales. India has able been able to attain self-sufficiency in the clothing and fabrication sectors due to enough production of cotton in the country. The country has very suited climate for the production of cotton and soon one can expect the country to the be the world’s largest producer of cotton. These states have recorded highest production and collection. So below are the top 10 largest cotton producing states in India 2019.
10. TAMIL NADU- 5 Lakh Bales:
Tamil Nadu is the tenth largest cotton producing state in India with a production of 5 Lakh Bales. Tamil Nadu account for more than 6% in the total cotton production in the country and cotton is grown in 70,000 hectares of land in the state.Tamil Nadu is the state in India with the highest cotton yield, which is 1,214 kilograms per hectare. Coimbatore, Vallalur, Madurai, Ramnathapuram, Salem and Tiruchirapalli are some of the major cotton producing districts in Tamil Nadu.
9. PUNJAB- 14 Lakh Bales:
Punjab with a production of 14 Lakh Bales is placed at 9th in the list of top 10 largest cotton producing states in India. Bhatinda, Ludhiana, Sangrur, Moga, Faridkot and Mansa are some of the major cotton producing districts in the state. The state has been witnessing growth in the net production in the recent past as the cultivators employ modern cultivation techniques and the State Government has been giving continued support to the cultivators.
8. RAJASTHAN- 17 Lakh Bales:
The 8th position on this list is occupied by Rajasthan, which has a production of 17 Lakh Bales. Rajasthan account for more than 4% in the total cotton production in India and the total area under cotton plantation is more than 4 Lakh Hectares. Ganganagar, Bhilwara, Hanumangarh, Ajmer and Jhalawar are some of the major cotton producing regions of Rajasthan.
7. MADHYA PRADESH- 18 Lakh Bales:
Madhya Pradesh is the next state in this list, which has a production of 18 Lakh Bales. The total area under cotton plantation is more than 5 Lakh Hectares and Nimar, Ratlam, Shajapur, Bhopal and Dewas are some of the major cotton producing regions of the state.
6. HARYANA- 25 Lakh Bales:
The state of Haryana features at the 6th position in this list with a production of 25 Lakh Bales. With a yield of 665 Kilograms per hectare, Haryana account for more than 6% in the total cotton production in the country. The total area under the cotton plantation is more than 6 Lakh Hectares of land, which more than 5% of the total area of cotton plantation in the country.
5. ANDHRA PRADESH- 27 Lakh Bales:
Before the formation of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh was the third largest cotton producing state in India and presently stand at 5th position among all states. Guntur, Kurnool, Anantpur and Prakasam are the major cotton producing regions in the state. There has been continued support by the government in supporting the cultivators in using modern techniques in order to attain more yield.
4. KARNATAKA- 28 Lakh Bales:
Karnataka with a production of 28 Lakh Bales is next on this list, which account for 7% of the total cotton production of the country. Cotton is mainly grown in North Karnataka Plateau, which offer ideal conditions for cotton production. The total area under cotton cultivation in the state exceeds 7.5 Lakh Hectares of land. Gulbarga, Dharwad, Belgaum and Bellary are some of the major cotton producing regions in the state.
3. TELANGANA- 50 Lakh Bales:
Telangana is a newly formed state of India, which came into existence in the year 2014 and became the third largest cotton producer in the country. Cotton is grown in a large area in the state, which is more than 16 Lakh Hectares of land. This region produces more cotton than the Andhra Pradesh region due to suitable cultivation factors in the region.
2. MAHARASHTRA- 85 Lakh Bales:
With a production of 85 Lakh Bales Maharahtra stand at 2nd in the list of top 10 largest cotton producing states in India. Maharashtra has the largest area under cotton cultivation among all states, which is more than 41 Lakh Hectares. Apart from being the second largest cotton producer, Maharashtra is also known for producing the finest quality of cotton. Maharashtra has a cotton yield of 345 kilograms per hectare and some of the major cotton growing regions of the state are Vidarbha, Yavatmal, Marathwada, Khandesh, Amravati, Akola and Wardha.
1. GUJARAT-125 Lakh Bales:
Gujarat is the leading cotton producing state in India with a production of 125 Lakh Bales. Gujarat account for more than 31% of the total cotton production in the country and cotton is grown in more than 30 Lac Hectares of land.The presence of Black Soil and annual rainfall of 80-100 cm, makes Gujarat a favourable region for cotton production. Some of the major cotton producing regions of Gujarat are Bharuch, Vadodra, Panchmahal, Mehsana, Ahmedabad and Surendemagar. Due to the huge production of cotton, Gujarat is a centre of textile industries in the country. There are more than 100 textile companies in Gujarat and some of the major textile companies are Arvind Mills, Ashima Group and Raymond.
That was the end of the list of top 10 largest cotton producing States in India 2019 that have cultivated the highest quantity of cotton in the recent years. As per the words of Mahatma Gandhi, India has been successful in attaining self-sufficiency in clothing and we weave our own clothes and also export to the foreign countries.