Wheat is one of the most favoured staple foods in the world. It is grown on more than 218,000,000 hectares larger than for any other crop. Its agronomic adaptability has resulted in its widespread production in almost all parts of the world. It offers ease of storage and can be converted to flour for making edible foods. It is a great source of carbohydrate and proteins. Its world trade is greater than all other crops combined. Red and white wheat are the most common forms of wheat grown in the world.
Here is the list of top 10 countries that are leading in the wheat production and contribute largely to world’s wheat production:
10. Turkey:- 20.3 Million Metric Tonnes: Turkey is one of the world’s largest countries in terms of agricultural lands. Farming is practised in almost all parts of the country. It produces about 22 million metric tonnes of wheat per year. Turkey is the largest producer of hazelnuts, figs, raisins and apricots. Also vegetables, grapes, tobacco, tea, cotton are its other major agricultural products.
9. Germany:- 22.5 Million Metric Tonnes: For this European Country, agriculture is a small sector of the economy. In the recent past, the production has increased significantly in spite of the decline in number of farms. Wheat is mainly grown in the flat terrain of northern Germany and especially in the eastern portions. The country produces about 23 million metric tonnes of wheat annually. Other major agricultural products of Germany include vegetables, fruit orchards, sugar beets and milk, pork etc.
8. Pakistan:- 23.6 Million Metric Tonnes: As agriculture accounts for about 21% of Pakistan, with arable land and water being the country’s principal natural resources. Wheat cultivation has been followed since ancient times in Pakistan. Wheat is mainly grown in Punjab province and the total production of wheat in the country is about 25 million metric tonnes annually. It ranks 8th worldwide in farm output and is one of the major producers of mango, rice, cotton, chickpea, date palm in the world.
7. Canada: 27.1 Million Metric Tonnes: Canada has sprawling wheat fields, with wheat being the country’s staple crop. Wheat is the major export product of the country along with other popularly grown crops like rapeseed, alfalfa, barley, canola, rye, oats and flax. Canada has done a lot of research in wheat crops so as to boost the production by attaining abundant harvest.
6. Australia: 30.0 Million Metric Tonnes: Wheat is the cereal that sees greatest production in terms of area and value to the country’s economy. Wheat production is highest in the New South Wales and Western Australia regions. Agriculture is carried on about 55% of the country’s landmass with cereals, oilseeds, grain legumes and sugarcane being the major agricultural. Australia is one of the major exporters of agricultural products and wheat is a chief contributor to country’s export economy.
5. France: 40.4 Million Metric Tonnes: France’s economy is fuelled by agriculture, livestock and brewery. France leads the European Union in the production of Wheat. It produces about 38 million metric tonnes of wheat annually. France is the top producer of sugar beets, wine, beef, milk, cereals and oilseeds. As a result of highly modernized agricultural practises, France has been able to produce the highest quantity of wheat in all of the European Union.
4. Russia: 37.8 Million Metric Tonnes: The significant changes in Russian Agriculture since 1990 had resulted in the evolution in Russian Agriculture. The use of fertilizers, modern machineries has been the key for large agricultural production in the country. The country has been producing about 56 million metric tonnes annually in the recent past. Its agronomic adaptability has resulted in the widespread production in this large country.
3. The United States: 61.6 Million Metric Tonnes: It is the principal cereal grain grown in the country. There are eight official classes of wheat in the US: durum wheat, hard red spring wheat, soft red winter wheat, hard red winter wheat, hard white wheat, soft white wheat, unclassed wheat and mixed wheat. Wheat is produced in almost every state in the United States. About 50% of the US’s total wheat production is exported and also various American Style wheat beers are produced.
2. India: 94.3 Million Metric Tonnes: Following the Green Revolution in the country, wheat is the most grown staple food grain in India, after rice. Indian agriculture ranges from impoverished farm villages to developed farms with modern agricultural technologies. India produces about 86 million metric tonnes of wheat per annum. India produces enough wheat to feed its huge population and global exports. It is the world’s 7th largest agricultural exporter.
1. China: 125.6 Million Metric Tonnes: Although China has only 15% arable land of its total area, but produces food for about 20 per cent of the world’s population. China is the largest producer of wheat in the world. In China, it is mainly grown on the North China Plain, the Wei and Fen River valleys on the Loess Plateau and in Jiangsu, Hubei and Sichuan provinces. Not only wheat, China is also the largest producer of rice, potatoes, tomato, tea, millet, barley, cotton, soya beans and oil seeds.
In this list we named the top 10 highest wheat producing countries in the world 2019, with a slight glance on their agricultural practices and other important crops. As one of the basic needs, it is essential for every individual to have food and the world has to be free from starvation.