With urbanization and modernization, cities became the centers of employment. Due to the popularity of cities, a plethora of people are flocking towards the jobs, entertainment, and education systems that cities provide. This is even leading to the emergence of mega-cities. The cities are expanding and still then the resources limit the accommodation of people. Over population has posed a serious social problem, owing to limited water and shelter for the residents.
There is always a conflict and competition in obtaining living wages in a metropolitan city. The cities which are over populated face issues like pollution, scarcity of basic needs, traffic and failures in waste management. Today, numerous cities have raised in all over the world, and in almost everywhere these are the most common of the problems. It is very essential that some serious steps are taken regarding management of the vast population and pollution in the cities. However, here is the list of the Top 10 most populated cities in the world 2019 with respect to the population density, as reported by Census reports.
10. Mumbai, India:
Mumbai is the richest and the most populous city in India. This megacity’s population is about 12.4 million spread in an area of 603 sq.kms. It is the capital city of the state Maharashtra. It is also the financial, commercial, and entertainment capital of India. It is home to many scientific and nuclear institutes like BARC, NPCL and IREL. The city carries the fame of having highest GDP than any other city in Central, South and West Asia. It has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all the cities in the country. Mumbai is the commercial and entertainment capital of India.
9. Guangzhou (Canton), China:
It is located on the Pearl River and serves as the major port for China and a prime transportation hub. This city is home to approximately 13 million people and has a population density of 1,800/sq.km. It was known originally as Canton in the West and has a history of about 2,200 years. This city is located on the Pearl River. This city has been called the “Capital of the Third World”. A large part of its population are rural migrants who only speak Mandarin.
8. Tokyo, Japan:
Tokyo is one of the most densely populated cities in the world, owing to the very limited area. A unique characteristic of Tokyo is that it is officially known as a “metropolitan prefecture”. It has the world’s largest urban agglomeration economy. It hosts 51 of the 500 Fortune Global companies. The city hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics and will host the 2020 Summer Olympics. It is one of those cities.
7. Lagos, Nigeria:
It is the mega city in Nigeria, that hosts one of the most busiest ports in Africa. It records highest GDP in the continent and is the major financial centre of Africa. It has a population of about 16 million with a population density of 6,871/ sq.km. It is one of the most visited tourist spots in Nigeria and is a fast-paced community.
6. Delhi, India:
Delhi is home to about 16.2 million people. It is an important cultural and political center in India. Delhi has been inhabited since 6th century BC. It has served as the capital of many kingdoms and empires. It is located in northern India bordering the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The climate of Delhi is a humid subtropical climate. In 2014, Delhi was the most polluted city in the world.
5. Sao Paulo, Brazil:
This city’s population is 20,900,000. The boom of the city was due to it becoming a chief commercial center of Brazil’s coffee manufacturing industry. The city is located in the wealthiest state in the country. It has much international influence in several fields including finance, arts, and entertainment. This city is home to several of the tallest buildings in the country which include Banespa, North Tower, and others.
4. New York, USA:
New York boasts a population of 22,000,000. This city is an important cultural arena of America as it is known as “The city that never sleeps”. It is the most densely populated city in America, and has a significant impact in fields of finance, commerce, art, fashion, research, and education. It has been called as the cultural capital of the world. Many cultural movements rose in this city including the Harlem Renaissance.
3. Beijing, China:
Located in Northern China, it is the world’s most populous capital city. It is the second largest Chinese city after Shanghai. It is the country’s political, cultural and educational center and is the headquarters for many state-owned companies. The city is the major hub for the transport system in the country. It has seven of the UNESCO World Heritage sites and parts of the Great Wall of China and the Grand Canal. It has a population density of about 1,300/sq.km and is the fourth most densely populated cities in China.
2. Karachi, Pakistan:
Popularly known as City of Lights, it is the largest city of Pakistan. Located on the Arabian Sea coastline, the city is spread in an area of about 3,500 sq.km and has a population of about 23,500,000. Its population density is over 6,000 people per square kilometer. It is the seventh least expensive city in the world, based on cost of living. Forbes sited Karachi as the world’s fastest growing megacity with about 80% of expansion in a decade. It is Pakistan’s center for industry, economic activities, banking, entertainment, software development and also education.
1. Shanghai, China:
Shanghai has a population of about 24,256,800 people. It is the largest city in China, and the population continues to expand year after year. The city of Shanghai is a global financial center and is the home of the world’s busiest container port. It gained importance in the 19th century due to Europeans realizing it is a favorable port location and has mass economic potential. It is known for its City God Temple and Yu Garden. It is popularly called the “Showpiece” of the blooming economy of China.
This was the list of the Top 10 most populous cities in the world 2019 and it is clearly seen that these cities are the major financial centres and generate greater job opportunities. Thus, people tend to migrate to such cities and that’s the reason for the over population in these cities. The job opportunities should be de-centralized and self-employment, rural development can help in solving the issues of over population.