With urbanisation, industrialisation, modernisation, the world has witnessed one of the serious, life-threatening problems- Pollution. It has been a great matter of concern to all of the mankind and every part of the world is perceiving the effects of pollution. Especially in the urban areas, air pollution, noise pollution, water pollution and light pollution are the major issues. For the coming generations, it will be really hard to sustain life on this planet. The slogans and mottos are just being reserved for Environment days, but nothing is actually brought to practise.
This list elucidates the importance of management of a city, preventing pollution causing agents and bringing about a good environment to live in. Here is the list of top 10 most polluted cities in the world 2018 that have recorded highest PM 2.5 level rankings according to WHO and the countdown follows.
10. Baoding, China:
This city in Hebei province of China is spread over an area of about 8,500 miles. It has been one of the victim of China’s all time high air pollution level that is being called the Airpocalypse. The city is always found to be covered by thick smog, which can even burn one’s eyes. The residents are living in a toxic environment with grey skies over their heads. WHO reports say that the city records 126 in PM 2.5 levels and people are going for masks to protect themselves in the harsh environment.
9. Xingtai, China:
This is yet another city in the Hebei province of China that has a population of about 7,104,100 spread over an area of 4,821 mi. It is a major coal mining hub in China and has the worst air quality in whole of China. Many industries have been shut down by the government, in order to control air pollution. Still then, thick photochemical smog prevails in the city, making it hard to breathe also. According to WHO reports, the city records 128 PM 2.5 levels and in spite of various measures taken by the government, air pollution has still remained a great challenge in this city.
8. Bamenda, Cameroon:
It is a city located in north-western Cameroon and has a population of about 500,000 people. It is the only African city in the Top 15 most polluted cities in the world. The city records 132 in PM 2.5 levels and 141 in PM 10 level rankings. The pollution index of the city is alarming 96.55 and is a serious matter of concern. The processing and production industries and faulty management of resources has led to increased levels of pollution in the city.
7. Raipur, India:
This is the capital city of the Indian state Chhattisgarh. The city recorded 250 micrograms of suspended particulate matter and 350 ppm in the concentration of dust particles, which are too very higher than the fixed standards. Owing to reasons like mismanagement of toxic waste from industries, hospital wastes, increase in vehicles, increased constructions and fast growing population, pollution levels in the city has reached alarming levels that is a wreaking havoc to the residents.
6. Patna, India:
It is the largest and the capital city of Bihar , India with a population of about 1,683,000 people spread in an area of 53. 8 square miles. It was reported that the city has three and a half times higher value of Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter levels than the normal standard value. High vehicular, industrial emissions have resulted in air pollution and the residents of the city are being diagnosed with various respiratory disorders. The government has asked for the call back of vehicles older than 15 years and industrial emissions are also taken great care of.
5. Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia:
It is a city located on the Eastern province of Persian Gulf and has a population of about 378,949 with major portion residing in the industrial area. Pollution is mainly caused due to the mismanagement of emissions from petrochemical industries and the city is said be having alarming amounts of heavy metal pollution. WHO reports have recorded 152 PM 2.5 levels in the city and the Governing body has implemented air monitoring centres.
4. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia:
This is the largest city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with an area of 694 square miles and a population of about 7,125, 180. The city is said to have 156 PM 2.5 levels and extremely high levels of PM 10 according to the reports by WHO. Vehicle emissions, petrochemical industries emissions and increased constructions have resulted in increased levels of pollution in the region.
3. Allahabad, India:
It is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Although it is only the 36th most populous city in the country with a population of about 1,117,094. The levels of Suspended Particulate Matter and Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter are alarmingly high with particles like soot, dust matter, toxic gases are being recorded. The levels of PM 2.5 is recorded to be 170 and 317 for PM 10 particles.
2. Gwalior, India:
It is a major and most polluted city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh in 2018. It has an annual average of 176 PM 2.5 in micrograms per cubic metre. Also, it has recorded 329 in PM 10 level rankings. The reasons maybe due to reliance on fossil fuels for vehicles and plantations, mismanagement of garbage and drainage and depletion of water sources.
1. Zabol, Iran:
This most polluted city in the world is the capital of the county located in Sistan and Baluchistan Province in Iran. It is situated in the border of Afghanistan. Its population was estimated to be about 130,642 by 2006. This city records about 217 micrograms per cubic metre in the PM 2.5 level rankings released by WHO. Suffocating dust storms are very frequent in this largely neglected area that is inundated by poverty. Drying of wetalnds, lakes, rivers and decline of ground water have all resulted in alarming level of pollution in the city.
This is not just the story of these 10 most polluted cities around the world 2018, but many more cities have alarming levels of pollutants and that is a threat to whole of the mankind. Some serious steps need to be taken and a good initiative to save, protect the mother Earth will only help us to sustain life even for the coming generations.