The main source of producing energy in the world is coal. It has surpassed oil and is the largest primary source of energy. About the world’s 40% electricity is generated by coal. Abundance is the main reason for its most popular use worldwide. Mentioned below are the top 10 largest coal producing countries around the world 2018.
This Eastern European State, has coal reserves located in the Donets Basin.95% of the country’s energy is mainly because of coal. It has abundant deposits of lignite but mining was stalled in 1990’s.Due to conflicts in the country there has been a decline in the coking coal production and power from coal, There is a 30% fall in the production of coal from the Donets Basin. This has led to import of coal from South Africa and Russia for power generation. The coal production in 2013 was estimated to be 64.976 million tons.
Colombia is the largest producer of coal in South America and also has the largest reserves in that region .Mining for coal has increased in the past few years and production has seen an 80% increase since 1999.The coal produced in these regions are exported to European countries and have a great demand as they are low in sulfur. In 2013 around 85.5 million tons of coal was produced. Coal exports were estimated at 94.3%. Colombia’s National Mining Agency reported an increase of 18% in mineral production.
This trans-continental country of Central Asia has 44.6 billion tonnes of coal which accounts to 3.8% of the world’s coal. The largest coal producer is Bogatyr Coal that operates the largest 4.5 billion tons open-pit coal mine in the world in Ekibastuz in the northeastern region of Kazakhstan. 85% of the country’s power is generated with coal. It holds the 12th place in the consumption of coal in the world. Kazakhstan has over 400 coal mines.
7. SOUTH AFRICA
The use of coal in South Africa dates back to the Iron Age and currently this country comes seventh in the global coal production. It produces about 260 million tons of coal and is the sixth largest coal exporter having traded about 74 million tons in 2012. It mainly exports coal to Europe, China, and India.90% of the country’s electricity production is due to coal. South Africa’s established coal reserves had about 30.15 billion tons in December 2012.92% of the coal produced in Africa is from this region.
Being the largest country of the world Russia comes in sixth regarding worldwide coal production. It has produced an estimate of 354.8 million tons of coal in 2012 of which 80% was steam coal and the rest coking coal. It is also the fifth largest consumer of coal. Russia has open pit mining and has exported upto 134 million tons in 2012 being the third largest coal exporter. It stands second place in the world’s coal reserves with 157 billion tons of coal.
Located in South-east Asia, Indonesia is the fifth in world’s coal production and produces about 386 million tons of coal. In 2011 Indonesia overtook Australia in the coal production and again the roles have been reversed. About 44% of the country’s energy is produced by coal. In 2012, the country had about 5.5 billion of coal reserves. There is a steady decline in the country’s coal production due to the miners association.
Being in head on competition with Indonesia, Australia has acquired the fourth position in the world’s coal production. Producing 413 million tons in 2013.About 90% of the coal produced is exported and has about 76.4 billion reserves .The open pit mining process accounts for 74% of Australia’s coal production with about 100 private coal mines.
India produces about 605 million tons of coal and also consumes about 8% of the world’s coal making it the third largest consumer and producer as well. It exports a total of 160 million tons making it the third largest exporter, after China and Japan. The coal reserves in India are estimated to be 60.6 billion which is again the third largest in the world. About 68% of the country’s energy is generated from Coal.
2. THE UNITED STATES
The United States produces over 13% of the world’s coal and generates 922 Million tons of coal in the 2012-2013 period. It consumes about 11% of the world’s coal and is the second in the world’s coal consumer list .37% of the country’s electricity is dependent on coal. The US also has the world’s largest coal reserves, measuring in at approximately 237 billion tons.
From the past three decades China holds the position of the top coal producing countries in the world. Producing nearly 3.7 billion tons in 2013, which is 47% of the world’s coal. The country also consumes more than half of it’s production. It has an estimate of 114,5 coal reserves making it the third largest in the world.80% of the country’s power is generated by coal.
Coal is one of the essential and still remains the top producer of the world’s energy. The world’s coal reserves are on a steady decline and it is important to preserve this precious resource. The economic activities related to coal is damaging the environment. It is important to come up with a solution to bring about a change in it’s global production.