Cocos nucifera or Coconuts is one of the chief crops grown across the world. The entire coconut tree is useful and there are various products derived from this plant. It’s also main part of the cuisine in the local coconut growing regions. The following is the list of top 10 largest coconut producing countries in the world 2018.
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10. UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
This Eastern African country located to the east of the Indian Ocean grows about 25 million coconut palms are cultivated on approximately 252,000 ha. The coconut palm is an important perennial cash and subsistence oil crop along the coastal belt of Tanzania. This crop supports the livelihood of more than 300,000 rural people. The Government of Tanzania decided to initiate the National Coconut Development Programme (NCDP) in 1979 with the mandate to promote coconut production and utilization, and to improve the productivity of the coconut sector in the country. The inception of the NCDP marked the beginning of the process of institutionalizing coconut R&D in the country, which led to the establishment of the Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute (MARI) in 1996.
9. PAPUA NEW GUINEA
An Oceanic country located to the north of Australia, Copra Plantations in New Guinea have been cultivated since the late 19th century. Originally established by German colonialists, they were later developed by Australian interests following World War II .It is a major source of food and export earnings, and is used for research into germplasm prospection and collection, breeding, embryo culture and agronomy. The Virgin Oil Production has given a boost to it’s economy. According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the UN it produces about 930,000 tonnes of coconuts in 2009.
Located south-east of the Carrabiean Sea,Coconuts not being one of the native crops of the country has a huge impact on its economy. According to figures published in December 2009 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, it is the world’s seventh largest producer of coconuts, producing 1,246,400 tonnes in 2009.it is a wide producer of various coconut related products. From alcohol to sweet desserts this fruit is used in various parts of the Mexican house-hold.
Coconut production contributes to the national economy of Vietnam. Various products like desiccated coconuts, coir rope, shell charcoal, coconut fibre, coconut milk, coconut carpet are exported. According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the UN it produces about
1,246,400 tonnes of coconuts in 2009.There was even a coconut religion in Vietnam where a coconut monk had to consume only coconuts and drink only coconut milk. This was later abolished by the government.
A country situated at the Indo-Chinese Peninsula, Thailand is known for it’s diversity and culture. Having tropical climate and rainfall in abundance Thailand chiefly exports coconuts. . According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the UN it produces about
1,380,980 tonnes of coconuts in 2009. Thaicoconut Co. Is one of the top coconut export company of the country. The coconuts of Thailand are known for it;s sweet taste.
With a coastline of 7,491 km, Brazil is known for its coconut palms and its sandy beaches. The economy of this country is mainly agro-based and there are various companies established for this very purpose. Praiamar Comercio, Importacao Exportacao LTDA-EPP, Face BR Exporting, Aviex ,ALM Brazil International are a few notable ones.
According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the UN it produces about 1,973,370 tonnes of coconuts in 2009. This is one of the top 10 largest coconut producing countries in the world 2018.
4. SRI LANKA
Situated closer to the peninsula of India, Sri Lanka is the producer of 12% of the world’s coconuts. With cooler and more temperate climate, it has monsoon through out the year and coconut trees are found in abundance. According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the UN it produces about 2,099,000 tonnes of coconuts in 2009.About 395,000 hectares of land has coconut farms with a production of 2,500 million nuts per year.
The sub-continent of India is bounded by water on three sides making the country having one of the largest coastlines. The climate and the geographical region is ideal for the growth of these trees. Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Orissa and the island territories are the chief states which produce coconuts. .According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the UN it produces about 10,894,000 tonnes of coconuts in 2009.Various companies producing coir, coconut powder, desiccated coconut provide economic stability to this country.
This island country located in South East Asia western of the Pacific Ocean has tropical Maritime climate and Coconut trees are abundant in these regions. The agricultural sector employs 30% of the labour force. According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the UN it produces about 19,500,000 tonnes of coconuts in 2009.Coconut oil is one of the highest exports of this country.
Located between the Indian and Pacific ocea, this trans-continental country is the largest island country. The climate of this region is Tropical which is ideal for the growth of coconuts. It is the largest producer of Palm oil in the world. According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the UN it produces about 21,565,700 tonnes of coconuts in 2009.P.T. Indo Vegetable oil Industry, P.T. Harvard Cocopro, Hutoma, Unggal Co are the few main coconut exporting companies.
Coconuts are one of the tropical fruits that everyone loves to eat. From its juice to the pulp it’s used in almost all the different tropical cuisines and mainly in desserts. Production of coconuts have increased in the past decades as the demand for it has risen. Commercially too, its trees prove a lot profitable as each and every parts of it is very much useful. It has also various medicinal values and is used in beauty products. Coconuts are the best to beat the summer heat and provide essential nutrients to one’s body from the endosperm of the seed.