India being a large country, is a home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari, one can find a vibrant diversity in climate, landscapes, vegetation, culture and habits. India has a lot of zoos which have gained world level popularity and is a place to family destinations while traveling. Some of the zoos also involve in the conservation study of biodiversity and educational outreach. Zoos in India provide a naturalistic environment for the well-being of the animals. The main objective of the Zoos in India is to protect the animals. Zoos also play a major role in educating people about the endangered species. Even the rarest of the species are conserved in these zoos.
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Here is a list of top 10 largest zoos in India that are widely known and receives highest visitors annually:
10. Junagadh Zoo-
It also known as Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden and is the oldest zoo in the state of Gujarat situated in 1863. It was established during the rule of Nawabs of Junagadh. It has taken the initiative to preserve these rare species of Asiatic Lion by starting the Endangered Species Captive Breeding program earning the status of the largest breeding center in the country. Animals found in the zoo are tigers, leopards, lions, elephants, flamingo birds among many others
9. Nainital Zoo-
It is known as Bharat Ratna Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant Zoo, is situated in the hills of Sher ka Danda, it is around 1 km from Tallital Bus Station. It is at an altitude of 2100 meters above sea level. Uttarkhand state’s only zoo is this. As the zoo is in higher altitude, It serves a natural habitat to snow leopard, barking deer, Siberian tiger, the Himalayan black bear, eagle, owl, hill fox, goral, silver pheasants, wolf and many other animals.
8. Delhi Zoo-
It is situated near the Old Fort in Delhi. It is spread over 214 acres, the zoo has more than 2,000 species of animals and birds. The emblem of the Delhi Zoo is the rare Manipur Brow-antlered deer. The zoo is well-ordered and animals are kept at large fields making it one of the best and largest zoos in India. Some of the well-known species found here are hillock, gibbon, white buck, and white tiger.
7. Darjeeling Zoo-
It is also known as Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, it is located on the slopes of Jawahar, and it was recognized as the largest Zoos in India in 2008. This zoo is a home to some of the rare species of animals. Some of them are snow leopard, red panda, Tibetian wolf, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan salamander, Siberian tigers and many others.
6. Nandankanan Zoo-
It is a zoo and botanical garden located in Bhubaneswar within Chandak forest. It is spread over 400 hectares. Nandankanan Zoo is renowned all over the world for its exotic white tigers. It also contains a botanical garden. The major attraction in this zoo is lion safari. Some rare species includes Manipuri Deer, Hippopotamus and Wild Ass.
5. Guwahati Zoo-
It is officially known as the Assam State Zoo. It is located within the Hengrabari Reserved Forest. It was founded in 1957in North east India this is considered as the largest zoo. Spread over an area of 1.75 square kilometers, it is a home to Asiatic lion, the royal Bengal tiger, the Himalayan black bear, the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, capped languor, the stump-tailed Macaque and a variety of avifauna and indigenous reptiles.
4. Chennai Zoo-
Arignar Anna Zoological Park, this also known as the Vandalur Zoo. It is the major attraction in Chennai after beach. It covers 602 hectares, around 3000 people make a visit to this place every day. It is the largest zoological garden in India. The animals are kept in large fields preserving them in their natural habitat.
3. Trivandrum Zoo-
It is located in the temple city of India, Thiruvanantapuram. It occupies 55 acres including lakes. It is one of the oldest zoos in the country. animals are kept mostly in open enclosures. Indian rhino, Asiatic lion, royal Bengal tiger, leopard, Nilgiri langur, lion-tailed macaque and many other animals are found here.it even has a reptile farm which exhibits both poisonous and non-poisonous snakes
2. Hyderabad Zoo-
It is also known as The Nehru Zoological Park, it is one of the largest and best zoos in India. Located in the city of Hyderabad in 1963,it covers 380 acres. Zoo has plenty of species of birds, animals, reptiles and fishes. rare white-backed vultures can be spotted here. Some other special attractions include the Tiger Safari and Lion Safari Parks.
1. Mysore zoo-
It is known as Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens is located in Mysore. the oldest, most popular and largest zoos in south India covers 245-acre. Maharaja Chamaraja Wodeyar established this in 1892, making it one of the oldest zoos in the world. The zoo is a home to elephants more than any other zoo in India. Other wildlife includes striped Hyena, Jungle cat, Asiatic black bears, African Elephant. It is also the only zoo in South Asia to host a Gorilla.
This was the list of the Top 10 Best Zoos in the country that are immensely popular and attract thousands of tourists every year. These have essentially improved the tourism sector of the country. The varieties of Animals present here make it a best place for children to visit, so that they can get to know more and more animals that are very much rare.