With modernization, the mankind is facing the threat of pollution that brings various effects like global warming, scarcity of water, health-related issues and many more. Industrialization and urbanization are clearly the main reasons for pollution. More and more use of non-renewable sources of energy has posed the threat of increased levels of harmful gases in the air. It’s not too late to take actions in controlling pollution now. With a great determination, it is possible to save the Earth from ill effects of pollution. Here we discuss about the Pollution Index that is defined as an estimation of the overall pollution in the city. The biggest weight is given to air pollution, than to water pollution/accessibility, two main pollution factors.
Recently the reports from WHO showed that many cities in Indian subcontinent have alarming amounts of particulates.
Table of Page Contents
Here we are with list of Top 10 most polluted Cities in India.
The list also includes the information about their pollution index value and small note on exponential pollution index. List is prepared after many research of various organization like WHO
10. Ludhiana (Punjab):
Ludhiana stands at 10th in the list of Top 10 Most polluted cities in India. Ludhiana is one of the hub for industries in India. Industrial development without any check mark from Administration led Ludhiana to a pollution driven city. Levels of harmful PM 2.5 particulates in air reported here are as high as 86µg/cub.meters
9. Agra (Uttar Pradesh):
Famous for Taj Mahal, Agra is one of the most sought after tourist destination in the world. But increasing pollution which is caused by increased mining and dry sand could affect its tourism. It is a prime concern for Government and we could hope that pollution will be reduced in next few years. The city reported 88mg/m³ levels of harmful particles in air that are less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5).
8. Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh):
Kanpur is one of the biggest city of Uttar Pradesh. Main reason for growing pollution of Kanpur is lack of awareness in citizens and irresponsible behavior of Government which follows no protocol to control pollution. Here the levels of harmful particles in air that are less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) are found to be 88µg/m3
7. Amritsar (Punjab):
Amritsar is one of the largest cities in India and also 7th most polluted city of the country. Increasing Vehicle traffic and growing industrial area are probably the prime reasons for pollution in this city.The levels of harmful particles in air that are less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) in the city were reported to be 92µg/m3
6. Firozabad (Uttar Pradesh):
Recording 96µg/m3 levels of of harmful particles in air that are less than 2.5 micrometers, Firozabad is a city in Uttar Pradesh which is famous for bangle production. City has large number of glass industries which are said to be the main reasons for increasing pollution in this region.
5. Ahmedabad (Gujarat):
Next in our list of Top 10 most polluted cities in India is Ahmedabad. It is the third fastest growing city in the world and is also 5th most polluted city in the world. And the reason behind the pollution in Ahmedabad is that it has most number of textile industries in India which causes enough pollution to make it one of the most polluted city in India and in world. The levels of harmful particles in air that are less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) in the city is reported to be about100µg/m3
4. Raipur (Chhattisgarh):
Raipur is the capital of Chhattisgarh and is 4th most polluted city in India. Chhattisgarh is rich in coal and produce maximum electricity in India. Many power plant and industry are located in this belt which is a big reason for increasing pollution.
Here, the levels of harmful particles in air that are less than 2.5 micrometers are reported to be about 134µg/m3
3. Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh):
Ranked number three is most polluted cities in India is Gwalior. Located in northern Madhya Pradesh, Gwalior is a historical city of India. But it’s increasing pollution need to be controlled which could affect tourism in this area. The levels of harmful particles in air that are less than 2.5 micrometers in the city is 144µg/m3
2. Patna (Bihar):
Patna is not an industrial city, still it is ranked number two in the list of Top 10 most polluted cities in India. Main source of pollution for this region is Agriculture which could be in danger if citizen and government don’t control pollution. Here, the levels of harmful particles in air that are less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) are estimated to be about 149µg/m3
1. Delhi India:
India’s national capital is most polluted city in India and also one of the most polluted cities in the world. This is a huge matter of concern because this city has one of the maximum populations in the country. The levels of harmful particles in air that are less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5)are about 153µg/m3
Thus, we complete the list of top 10 most polluted cities in India. This list must be a matter of great concern to each of us as this high levels of pollution will surely harm one’s health and people become more prone to pulmonary disorders and cancers.