India is one such country that has had a long history even before the advent of civilizations in other parts of the world. In a country rich with diversity and culture, there are numerous historic places and monuments, few of them even recognized as World Heritage Sites. Tourism also contributes a lot to the country’s GDP and also accounts for about 8.7% of employment in the nation. Through the Incredible India Campaign, the Ministry of Tourism has empowered tourism sector in the country.
Table of Page Contents
- 10) GATEWAY OF INDIA, MUMBAI –
- 9) SANCHI STUPA, SANCHI –
- 8) QUTUB MINAR, DELHI –
- 7) BAHAI TEMPLE, DELHI-
- 6) VICTORIA MEMORIAL, KOLKATA-
- 5) HAWA MAHAL, JAIPUR-
- 4) BRIHADISHWARA TEMPLE, THANJAVUR-
- 3) GOLDEN TEMPLE, AMRITSAR-
- 2) MYSORE PALACE, MYSORE-
- 1) TAJ MAHAL, AGRA-
Here is the list of the Top 10 most famous historic places and monuments of India,
That are the tourist Hotspots in the country and attract even the foreign tourists to the country:
10) GATEWAY OF INDIA, MUMBAI –
The Gateway of India marks one of the grand and magnificent landmarks in India. It was built to commemorate the visit of the British Monarch, King George V and Queen Mary. This Gateway is a major sightseeing hangout in the port city, Mumbai. It is the massive archway on the Apollo Port built in the Indo-Saracenic style and is 26 meter high. It has four turrets and complicated lattice work engraved into the yellow Kharodi basalt stone. The central dome is 46 feet in diameter. It is notable that the whole harbour front was redesigned to align with a planned walkway, extending to the centre of the town. The total cost of construction of the Gateway was estimated to be Rs. 21 lakhs.
9) SANCHI STUPA, SANCHI –
This Buddhist Vihara at Sanchi is also known as Great Stupa is one of the most visited spiritual sites in India. It is also one of the best preserved ancient Stupas in India and is surrounded by the four curved gateways. It is located Raisen District of the state of Madhya Pradesh, India, which is 46 km away from Bhopal. It was originally built by the emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. It has a simple hemispherical brick construction built over the relics of the Buddha. A parasol-like structure known as the Chatra crowns the Stupa which is the symbol of superiority.
8) QUTUB MINAR, DELHI –
Qutub Minar stands tall amongst the famous towers in the world and is the second tallest Minar in India. It was constructed in 1192 by Qutub-ud-din Aibak, the founder of Slave dynasty and later completed by his son-in-law and successor Iltutmish. It is built exclusively in red brick and sandstone. This Minar is an exquisite example of Indo-Islamic Afghan style of architecture. It is a five storied tower who’s each tower is famous for its unique design. Tughlaq Dynasty, that later ruled in Delhi had done reconstruction and elevation of the Minar.
7) BAHAI TEMPLE, DELHI-
The Bahai Temple, popularly known as Lotus temple is situated at Kalka Ji in Delhi. Lotus temple is a house of worship for every religion and is a best place for meditation and peace. It is a centre of spirituality and stands as an icon for India’s secularism and diversity. This unique structure was designed by an Iranian-Canadian architect Fariburz Sahba. The temple is styled in the form of a lotus flower with 27 immaculate white-marble petals. To bring faith together is the main motive behind this temple and has been a great place in putting together the beliefs of humanity.
6) VICTORIA MEMORIAL, KOLKATA-
It is one of the iconic structures of the Indian pre-independence period. It was built in dedication to the British Queen, Victoria. It was opened in 1921 by Lord Curzon, who was the viceroy back then. Victoria Memorial is one of the major tourist attraction of Kolkata and serves as museum with extensive collection of sculptures, paintings and manuscripts of the British rule. This monument also portrays pictures and statues of men who played a prominent and vital role in the history of India. It also comprises of the weaponries that were mostly used in both the world wars.
5) HAWA MAHAL, JAIPUR-
This beautiful monument was built during the reign of Rajput’s of Rajasthan and is the Most famous tourist attraction in Rajasthan. Hawa Mahal or the Palace of Winds is situated in the heart of the Pink city, Jaipur. The pyramid shaped five-storied palace was constructed using red and pink sandstone by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh for women’s of royal families in 1799. Hawa Mahal is one of the major tourist attractions of Jaipur and the Royal state of Rajasthan. It is about 50 ft high and has 953 little windows, called ‘JHAROKHAS’ and are covered in amazingly decorative latticework.
4) BRIHADISHWARA TEMPLE, THANJAVUR-
Brihadishwara Temple, also called Periya Koyil or Big Temple is one of the India’s largest temples. It is located in Thanjavur of Tamil Nadu. This historical temple was built in 1010 AD by the Chola dynasty. This big temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the best structures built by the Cholas. It is marked as one of the World Heritage Sites in Tamil Nadu, India. Being India’s one of the most admired architectural sites, it stands amidst the fortified walls that are said to be added in the 16th century. The ‘Vimana ‘or the temple tower of 26 ft. is tallest of its kind. There is a big monolithic statue of Nandi at the entrance that measures about 16 feet long and 13 feet high.
3) GOLDEN TEMPLE, AMRITSAR-
Popularly known as Harmandir Sahib, the Golden temple is a Holy Sikh shrine located at Gurudwara in Amritsar, Punjab. The temple stands as a classic example for the Hindu-Islamic style of architecture. This legendary temple is said to be a small part of the huge Gurudwara complex, excavated by the fourth guru Ram Das in 1577. The tank that surrounds the gleaming central shrine is the centre of attraction here. It is believed that the water here has some healing powers and thus pilgrims from around the world visit the temple to bathe in its sacred water.
2) MYSORE PALACE, MYSORE-
The palace of Mysore is one of the famous historical monuments in South India. The Mysore city offers a lot of tourist attractions for the visitors and this monument stands unique because of its richness in build and design. It used to be the residence of Wadiyars, who ruled the princely state of Mysore from 1399 to 1950. Popularly cited as the Indo-Saracenic marvel, its interiors embraces kaleidoscope of stained glass, mirrors and gaudy colours which are lavishly spread over the top. The décor further comprises of richly carved doors, mosaic floors and series of paintings portraying life in Mysore during the Rajwadi Era.
1) TAJ MAHAL, AGRA-
One of the wonders of the world, Taj Mahal stands tall at the banks of the river Yamuna. Located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, this monument marks the loveliest symbol of love. This immense mausoleum of white marble was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Begum. This monument is a great example of the finest fusion of elements of Mughal, Ottoman Turkish, Persian and Indian architectural style. It attracts millions of tourists every year and is the pride of India.
This list showcased the most popular historic places in India that attract millions of tourists every year. Among these cities Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Agra rank within 100 for the list of highest number of foreign visitors in the world. So, the next time you go to any of these cities, don’t miss out these historic places as they have a lots of stories to tell.