India is the largest democratic country and the second most populated country in the world with population of more than 1.25 Billion. The population of India is growing at a fast rate and it is expected to reach the mark of 1.3 Billion by 2020. India is a populated country with a share of more than 17% of the total population of the world. In India, the major part of the population live in rural areas, which constitutes about 70% of the total population of the country. Every year, about 1 Crore people migrate from rural areas to urban area for job opportunities and better standard of living.
The population density increases owing to factors like employment, resources and living conditions. The mountainous areas of the country are very sparsely populated, while the plains are completely occupied, where people carry out cultivation and industries. Here are the list of top 10 most densely populated States in India 2018 that have highest person/ sq.km ratio and the countdown follows.
10. GOA- 394 Persons/km²:
The Party Capital of India, Goa has occupied 10th place in this list with population density of 394 persons per square kilometer. Goa is a perfect destination for spending holidays as it is rich in flora and fauna. With a GDP of more than Rs 48,000 Crore, Goa is among the richest states in India. Tourism is a major source of income for the state and more than 20 Lakh tourists visit Goa every year.
9. ASSAM- 397 persons/ km²:
With population density of 397 persons per square kilometre, Assam is ranked 9th in the list of top 10 most densely populated states in India. Apart from being the ninth most densely populated state, Assam is also among the most populated state in India with a population of more than 3 Crore. Assam comprises of 27 districts and out of them, Nagaon is the most populated district with a population of more than 28 Lakh. Assam is one of the richest biodiversity states in India with a large area under forest.
8. JHARKHAND- 414 Persons/km²:
The 8th position of this list is occupied by Jharkhand, which has population density of 414 persons per sqaure kilometre. Among all cities in Jharkhand, Jamshedpur is the most populated city with population of more than 13 Lakh.
7. PUNJAB- 550 Persons/km²:
Punjab is next on this list with population density of 550 persons per square kilometre. Punjab also known as Granary of India is a leading state in agricultural products like wheat, rice and cotton.
6. TAMIL NADU- 555 Persons/km²:
Tamil Nadu is the sixth most densely populated state in India and among the most developed states with a GDP of more than 9 Lakh Crore. Among all states Tamil Nadu stands on top spot in turmeric production in India. Tamil Nadu is also a centre of numerous industries, which provide a large number of employment opportunities and revenue to the state.
5. HARYANA- 573 Persons/km²:
With population density of 573 persons per square kilometre, Haryana is ranked 5th in the list of top 10 most densely populated states in India.Haryana is among the fastest growing state and has a GDP of more than Rs 3.9 Lakh Crore.
4. UTTAR PRADESH- 828 Persons/km²:
Next state on this list is Uttar Pradesh, the fourth largest state in area that comprises of 75 districts. Among all districts, Kanpur is the most populated with population of more than 62 Lakh. With a GDP of more than Rs 8 Lakh Crore, Uttar Pradesh has one of the largest economies in the country. Also, Uttar Pradesh is the leader among all state in terms of sugar production with 70% share in the total production of sugar in the country.
3. KERALA- 859 Persons/km²:
Kerala with population density of 859 persons per square kilometre is next on this list. Kerala is a swiftly developing state and has a strong economy with a GDP of more than 3.9 Lakh Crore. Among all states in the country, Kerala is the leading producer of Black Pepper with more than 95% share of the total production of Black Pepper in the country. Also, Kerala is also the largest producer of white coir fibre with 60% share of the total production of white coir in the world.
2. WEST BENGAL- 1,029 Persons/km2:
West Bengal with population density of 1,029 persons per square kilometre stand at 2nd in the list of top 10 most densely populated states in India. Among all cities in West Bengal, Kolkata is the most densely populated city with a population density of more than 24,000 per square kilometre. With GDP of more than Rs 7 Lakh Crore, West Bengal has one of the largest economies in the country. West Bengal is also an industrial hub of the eastern part of India with numerous industries. Some of the domains of industries are Steel, Jute, Sugar, Fertilizers, Chemicals and Tea.
1. BIHAR- 1,102 Person/ Km2 :
Among all states in India, Bihar is the most densely populated state with a population density of 1,102 persons per square kilometre. Apart from being the most densely populated state, Bihar is also among the most populated states in India with a population of more than 10 Crore. Bihar comprises of 38 districts and out of them Patna, the capital city of the state is the most populated with a population of more than 20 Lakh. Located on the bank of the holy river Ganga, Patna is a commercial and industrial center of the state with the presence of numerous industries of different domains.
Thus we complete the list of top 10 most densely populated states in India 2018. Even though the population of these states might be very high but then what actually matters is the amount of man power being used. Even if the state has millions of people and makes use of no one, then there is no point at having people at all. Thus all that matters to a state is productive mass and Indian states are attaining immense progress in employment, that increases the revenue to the state.