India is one of the fastest developing countries in the world, which has shown a tremendous growth in the past few decades. The economy of the country is among the largest economies in the world and in the last financial year, it grew by 7.3%. GDP of India is more than $2 Trillion, which makes it stand among the countries with largest GDP. The total GDP of India is the sum or integration of GDPs of all states and union territories. Whether it’s a large state or a small state, each one of them contribute significantly in the country’s GDP. India is a large country in terms of area as well as population. By area India stand at 7th position and in terms of population, India stand at 2nd position in the world.
There are a total of 29 states in India, out of them Sikkim is the least populated state in India. In this post we have enlisted the least populated state in India on the basis of Population Census 2011. So, here is the list of top 10 least populated states in India 2018 and the countdown follows.
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10. UTTARAKHAND- 1,00,86,292:
The Land of Gods, Uttarakhand has occupied 10th position in this list with a population of about 1,00,86,292,. Uttarakhand comprises of 13 districts and out of them, Rudraprayag is the least populated district with a population of 2,36,857. Uttarakhand has an area of more than 50,000 square kilometres, of which over 85% is mountainous. The state is a popular tourist destination because of its natural beauty and pleasant climate.
9. HIMACHAL PRADESH-68,64,602:
Himachal Pradesh with a population of 68,64,602 is ranked 9th in the list of top 10 least populated states in India. Himachal Pradesh is a mountainous state with its most of the area located on the foothills of Himalayas. It is very scarcely populated and no much agricultural activities are carried out in this state when compared to other parts of India.
8. TRIPURA- 36,73,917:
Next up in this list is the North Eastern state of Tripura with a population of 36,73,917, which is a land locked state bordered by Bangladesh, Mizoram and Assam. Tribal people form a significant part of the total population, which is about 30% of the total population of the state.
7. MEGHALAYA-29,66,889 :
Meghalaya, also known as the Scotland of the East has occupied 7th place in the list of top 10 least populated states in India. It is another state in India, where Tribal people make the majority of the total population in the state. There are many tribes in the state and out of them, Khasis is the largest tribal group. The other tribal groups in the state are Karbi, Koch, Boro,Lakhar and Dimasa. It has quite cold climate all over the year and is one of the major tourist destinations in the North East, for its natural beauty.
Manipur is the sixth least populated state in India with a population of 25,70,390. This North Eastern state also has many tribes, which constitute about 30% of the total population of the state. Here, the climate is always cold and the people usually run animal husbandry and small scale industries to earn their livelihood.
5. NAGALAND-19,78,502 :
Nagaland is another mountainous state in this list, which became part of India in the year 1963. The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes with each tribe having different culture, tradition and language. Nagaland is comprised of 11 districts and out of them Pheak is the least populated district with a population of 1,48,000. Also, the people of this state speak more than 36 different languages and it is the only Indian state to have English as its official language.
With a population of 14,58,545, Goa is next on this list, which is famous across the country for its festivals and parties. Goa is the state in India with the highest percentage of urban population, which is about 50% of the total population of the state. Millions of tourists visit this state for its exotic beaches and exclusive alcoholic products.
3. ARUNACHAL PRADESH-13, 83,727:
Founded in the year 1987, Arunachal Pradesh with a population of 13, 83,727 is next on this list. Arunachal Pradesh is one of the most linguistically richest states in India and a home of more than 30 distinct languages. Arunachal Pradesh has a high untapped hydroelectric potential, which is used for the generation of power and irrigation purpose. The state is also known for its natural beauty and visited by a large number of tourists every year. It always has been in the news as it shares a major boundary with China.
2. MIZORAM- 10,97,206:
Mizoram with a population of 10,97,206 stand at 2nd in the list of top 10 least populated stated in India. Mizoram is also the state with the highest concentration of tribal people, which is about 95% of the total population of the state. More than 90% of the area of the state is under forest cover, which makes it one of the states with the largest forest cover. Mizoram has 8 districts, of which Saiha is the least populated district.
1. SIKKIM- 6, 10,577:
With a population of 6,10,577, Sikkim is the least populated state in India, which became state of India in the year 1975. Sikkim is a land locked state in India, bordered by West Bengal, Nepal, Bhutan and Tibet. This state is significant in being one of the most favorite natural travel destinations for the tourists around the world.
Thus we complete the list of top 10 least populated States in India 2018. The low population can be attributed to the lack of favorable conditions for human settlements. These states though small and sparsely populated, are definitely the pride of the Incredible India as they add up to the glorious diversity of the country. Especially, the North Eastern states are very much important for being one of the cultural and tourist hotspots in India.