Coal is an important nonrenewable source of energy, which plays an important role in the development of a country. Coal is mainly used in industries important for industries as it used as a source of energy in generation of power, manufacturing of steel, production of cement, etc. Coal is of four types that include Anthracite, Bituminous, Lignite and Peat. Among the four coal types anthracite is the best quality and it contains higher carbon contents.
Coal is found in a large quantity in northen parts of India and India is the third largest coal producing country in the world. The total coal reserves in India is more than 300 Billion Tonnes, out of which over 260 Billion Tonnes is Non-Coking Coal. Non-Coking Coal lack caking property and mainly used for power generation, cement production, brick production and fertilizer production.
India has one of the largest coal reserves in the world and in the last financial year, the coal production in India crossed the mark of 560 Million Tones. But, most of coal found in India are of low quality with less carbon content .Among all coal producing states, Jharkhand, Odisha and Chhattisgarh account for more than 60% of the total coal produced in India. Most of the coal produced in the country are used in the production of electricity in thermal power stations in the country.
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Here is the list of top 10 largest coal producing States in India by the amounts produced annually:
At the 10th position of the list is the state of Assam, which has produced about 0.664 Million Tonnes of coal in the last financial year. With a total coal reserves of 515 Million Tonnes, Assam is also among the states in India with highest coal reserves.
With a total coal production of 5.732 Million Tonnes, Meghalaya has occupied 9th place in the list of top 10 largest coal producing states in India. Meghalaya is a state with a large coal reserve of more than 570 Million Tonnes. Meghalaya is also one of the wettest regions in India, which makes the coal extraction easy.
8. UTTAR PRADESH:
The 8th place in this list of top 10 largest coal producing States in India is occupied by Uttar Pradesh with coal production of annual coal production estimated to be about 14.721 Million tons. Uttar Pradesh is a leading state in India in terms of agricultural products and also has a large coal reserves of more than 1000 Million tons that brings the state a lot of revenue.
7. WEST BENGAL:
West Bengal is the 7th largest coal producing state in the country and in the last financial year, the total coal produced by the state was estimated to be about 28.242 Million Tonnes. Raniganj, Asansol and Bankura are the main coal producing regions in the state.
At the 6th place in the list is the state of Maharashtra, which is one of the fastest developing states in India. It is a state rich in minerals and natural resources. Maharashtra has coal reserves of 10,964 Million Tonnes and in the last financial year, the total coal produced by the state crossed the mark of 35 Million Tonnes. Nagpur, Wardha, Ballarpur, Yavatmal and Kampati are the major coal producing regions in the state. Apart from coal, Maharashtra also has large deposits of Iron Ore, Bauxite, Manganese Ore, Dolomite and Chromite.
5. ANDHRA PRADESH:
With a total coal production of 50.469 Million tons, Andhra Pradesh is ranked 5th in the list of top 10 largest coal producing states in India. Andhra Pradesh is also among the states with highest coal reserves in India and has coal reserves of 22.468 Million tons. Although Andhra Pradesh is known for its agricultural crops, still it has lots of natural resources that are harnessed for industrial purposes.
4. MADHYA PRADESH:
Madhya Pradesh with coal production of 75.59 Million Tonnes is the fourth largest coal producing state in India. Madhya Pradesh has coal reserves of 25,673 Million Tonnes and account for more than 13% of the total coal produced in the country.
The third place in the list of top 10 largest coal producing States in India is occupied by ODISHA .It is another state in the country, which is rich in minerals and natural resources. Odisha produced 112.917 Million tons of coal in the last financial year, which is more than 19% of the total coal produced in the country. Talcher is the major coal producing region in Odisha, which produced 63.973 Million tons of coal in the last financial year. Ranpur and Jharsuguda are other coal producing areas in the state.
Jharkhand with coal production of 113.014 Million tons stand at 2nd in the list of top 10 largest coal producing states in India. Apart from being the leading coal producer, Jharkhand is also the state with highest coal reserves in India, which is 80,716 Million tons. Jharkhand accounts for more than 25% of the total coal reserves in India. Jharkhand is a state rich in minerals and natural resources, which makes this state a centre of various industries. Eastern Coalfields, Central Coalfields, Tata Steel, Lafarge Cement and Tata Power are some of the companies present in Jharkhand. , Rajmahal, Karanpura, Darla, Bokaro, Jharia and Ramgarh are the main coal producing regions in Jharkhand. Jharsugda and Ranapur are other coal producing areas in the state.
The top most place is occupied by Chhattisgarh with a coal production of 127.095 Million Tonnes, Chhattisgarh is the largest coal producing state in India. Chhattisgarh is the state with third highest coal reserves in India of 52,533 Million tons, which is more than 17% of total coal reserves in India.major amout of coal produced here are used for generation of power. Sonhat, Lakhanpur, Sendurgarh, Jhilimili, Korba, Bisrampur and Chirimiri are the major coal producing regions in Chhattisgarh. Coal produced in the state is used by NTPC and State Electricity Board for power generation.
This was the list of the Top 10 highest coal producing states in India. Although, we have enough of these resources, it is better to turn to renewable sources of energy for the better future of the makind.