As we all know water is one of the most important components of man’s life. Man had been using water right from the beginning of his life on planet earth, in fact life was basically originated from the water. The applications of water are so huge that I would have to write another article about it. Even the most of the earth is covered with water the fresh water that is available to drink is too less. But the only problem with water is that it flows and the amount of fresh water on Earth is very less. Thus, to carryout agricultural and industrial In order to preserve and store this fresh water which flows during the time of rainy season, man has invented dams. Dams are the places where water is stored for the sake of irrigation and other domestic purposes.
In India there are so many dams for the sake of irrigation. Thus these are the top 10 biggest dams in India 2018.
10. Cheruthoni Dam, Kerala:
This the largest concrete damns in the Kerala and one among in the country. Cheruthoni Dam, the largest concrete gravity dam in Kerala, is situated close to Idukki Arch dam. It is the third highest dam in India with a 454 feet-high across River Cheruthoni. Idukki is a hill station in India, is much famous for its wildlife treasure intensely followed by other attractions too. These two dams are one of best picnic spot for the tourists. This dam is built against the river Cheruthoni. The installed capacity of this dam is about 32 Mw and ranks 10th in this list.
9. Indira Sagar Dam, Madhya Pradesh:
This is one of the biggest dams in central India. Indira Sagar dam is built on the Narmada river with a height of 92m. This is located in Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh . Indira sagar project was the key project on Narmada river providing excellent storage site of water. Indira Sagar Dam has the biggest reservoir in India. This is a concrete gravity type dam. Thus it is in the 9th position.
8. Krishna raja sagar Dam, Karnataka :
This is one of the historical dams in Karnataka. Krishna raja sagar dam is built across Kaveri River near Mysore in Karnataka. It is one of the principal and largest dams built on the river Kaveri in South India. This dam is built against the river Kaveri which is turning quite controversial these days. Brindavan Gardens is a part of the Krishna Raja Sagar Dam and offers recreation for the visitors.
7. Mettur Dam, Tamil Nadu:
This is considered to be one of the best concrete type dam in the country. Mettur Dam built across Kaveri River at Salem district in Tamil Nadu is as high as 120 ft. It is one the largest and one of the oldest dams built in India. Mettur Dam has biggest and the most power generating capacity dam in Tamil Nadu. Mettur Dam is also one of the most visited tourist place because of its beauty. This dam is the part of the issues raised on the Kaveri River, between the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
6. Bisalpur Dam, Rajasthan:
At the 6th position is this dam is located in the state of Rajasthan and is about 130 feet high. The length of this dam is about 1883 feet. The Dan is built against river Banās. The installation capacity of this dam is about 172 MW. It is considered to be one of the best gravity type structures built in the country.
5. Koyna Dam, Maharashtra:
This dam is about 339 feet tall. The length of this huge dam is about 2,648 feet. This dam is a rubble concrete type dam. This dam is built against the river Koyna. This dam is located at Maharashtra. The installation capacity of this dam is about 1920 MW.
4. Maithon Dam, Jharkhand:
This dam is located at Jharkhand is about 165 feet tall. The length of this dam is about 15,712 feet. This dam is a concrete cum earthen type dam. This dam is built against the river Barakar. The installed capacity of this dam is about 60 MW. Thus this dam is in the top 4 th position.
3. Rihand Dam, Uttar Pradesh:
At the 3rd position is the dam is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh. This dam is built against the river Rihand and is about 299 feet tall. The length of this dam is about 3064 feet. This is a concrete gravity type dam. This dam is having an installed production capacity of about 300 MW
2. TungaBhadra Dam, Karnataka:
This dam is one of the most famous dams in Karnataka. This dam is about 49.38 meter tall. The length of this dam is about 2441 meters. This dam is of earthen gravity type dam. This dam is located at Karnataka. The installed capacity of this dam is about 72 MW. It is also a tourist spot in Karnataka and is very important in providing irrigational facilities to the regions that are deficit of water.
1. Bhavanisagar Dam, Tamil Nadu:
This is the biggest dam in India. The dam is about 105 feet. The dam is about 1700 meters making it the biggest dam. This is constructed across the river Bhavanisagar. The dam is located at Tamil Nadu. The installed capacity of this dam is about 1920 MW. This plays a major role in providing the state’s electricity requirement and is a major water source for the agricultural activities in the region.
Thus this completes the list of the top ten dam in the country. Even though there are many dams in the country, they are equal effecting the wellbeing of the eco system. The dam effects river bio diversity, forest and a lot other places. Thus it’s very recommend to build a dam only if it is necessary at only particular region.