Animals come in all types of shapes and sizes, just like people; they are even more diverse. They are classified into categories like mammals, reptiles, and birds. The fossils suggest that there had lived gigantic, majestic dinosaurs in this planet which became extinct as a result of drastic climate change.
Table of Page Contents
Being the most superior(?) animal on the planet, here we enlist the top 10 largest living animals in the world today:
10. Goliath Beetle
The Goliath beetle is the largest insect with a weight of 115 grams and can grow to a length of 11.5 centimeters. This beetle is a member of the subfamily Cetoniinae within the Scarabaeidae family. The males are usually brown/white/black and the females range from a dark brown to a silky white. They are mainly found in the tropical forests of Africa. Their food consists of tree sap and fruit.
9. Colossal Squid
The colossal squid is the largest invertebrate which can grow to a size of 14 meters. This squid has limbs which have sharp hooks unlike other giant squids. The body is wider and stouter than that of the giant squid as well. They have longer mantles and shorter tentacles. Colossal squids come from the family Cranchiidae and subfamily Taoniinae.
8. Whale Shark
Whale sharks have a length of about 13.6 meters and weight 22,000 kilograms. It is of the family Rhincodontidae and originated 60 million years ago. This shark can be found in tropical oceans and has a lifespan of seventy years. Its mouth can be up to 5 feet wide and contain 350 rows of teeth as well as 10 filter pads. They have a wide and flat head with two small eyes. Whale sharks are grey in color with a white belly, pale yellow spots, and stripes. It has two dorsal fins and pectoral fins. These sharks feed on plankton including copepods, krill, and fish eggs as well as clouds of eggs.
7. Chinese Giant Salamander
These amphibians can have a weight of 50 kilograms and a length of 1.83 meters (6 feet). These are amongst the Top 10 Largest Living Animals in The World 2017. These animals are found in rocky mountain streams as well as lakes of China, Japan, and Taiwan. It has a large head, small eyes, and its skin is dark and wrinkly. Its mouth is wide and the head is broad with lidless eyes. Chinese giant salamanders mainly eat insects, millipedes, horsehair worms, amphibians like frogs, freshwater crabs, shrimp, fish, and Asiatic water shrew.
These birds can grow to a height of about 3 meters and a weight of 156 kilograms. They are native to the continent of Africa and are the fastest birds on land. Their diet consists mostly of plant matter and invertebrates. The feathers of the males are mostly black with white feathers near the tails. The females and young males are greyish-brown and white. Their legs are usually pinkish gray. Ostriches typically live together in groups of 5 to 50. When they are threatened, they either hide by lying against the ground or attack with a kick of their legs.
The average height of a giraffe is about 5.8 meters and its weight, 2,000 kilograms. Out of the eleven species of their genus, Giraffa, seven are extinct, and four are still existant. The features of the giraffe include an extremely long neck and legs as well as its unique coat patterns. Their coat has dark blotches which can be orange, chestnut, brown, or almost black in color. This helps in camouflage. Their tongues are about 18 inches long and help in grasping foliage as well as cleaning their nose. They are usually found in savannahs and woodlands in Chad, South Africa, Niger, and Somalia.
4. Saltwater Crocodiles
This crocodile is also known by the names estuarine crocodile, Ind0-pacific crocodile, marine crocodile, and sea-going crocodile. These are the largest reptiles and can grow to a length of 5 meters. Their snout is wide in comparison to other types of crocodiles, and it also has fewer armor plates. This crocodile has an aggressive nature and can prevail most animals which enter its territory including sharks, invertebrates, and crustaceans. Saltwater crocodiles typically reside in mangrove swamps, estuaries, deltas, lagoons, and rivers. They can be found in the eastern coast of India, throughout southeast Asia, and northern Australia.
3. Brown Bear and Polar bears
Brown bears and polar bears can have a weight of 1,543 pounds and a height of 3 meters. They are the largest carnivores of the land. Brown bears mainly inhabit parts of Russia, Central Asia, Canada, China, the United States, Scandinavia, Anatolia, and Caucasus. Polar bears mainly inhabit the Arctic Circle which consists of the Arctic Ocean and the surrounding seas and lands. They mainly hunt their food, seals, from the edge of sea ice. It is a vulnerable species and is in decline due to its dependence on sea ice and habitat loss.
2. African Elephants
These elephants are the largest land animals and can weight up to 13,000 pounds with a length of 10.6 meters. These animals have bodies which are thickset and legs that are stocky. Their back are concave and their ears play a role in heat loss. The upper lip and nose together form a trunk which is a sound amplifier and serves as a method of touch. The African elephants are found in Eastern, Southern, Central, and West Africa. They mostly inhabit dense forests, miombo woodlands, Sahelian scrub or deserts.
1. Blue Whale
At a length of 30 meters and a weight of 180 tons, blue whales are the largest animals in the world. For some perspective, their tongues can weigh as much as an elephant and their heart, as much as an automobile. The shape of the body is long and slender and the color can range of different shades of bluish-grey. These whales were abundant until the beginning of the twentieth century when they were hunted almost to extinction by whalers. There are about 10,000-25,000 blue whales today worldwide according to the IUCN estimates. Blue whales mainly are concentrated in the eastern north pacific, Antarctic, and Indian oceans. They also exist in the north Atlantic and the southern hemisphere.
This was the list of the Top 10 Largest Living Animals in the world 2017. These gigantic animals must have amazed you and this is the beauty of nature.