Rice is an important crop and consumed widely across the globe as a staple food. In India, rice is also a major staple food after wheat. The country produces rice in a large quantity and in the last financial year, rice production crossed the mark of 100 Million Tones. Rice is grown widely across the nation in more than 20 states and in an area of over 400 Lakh Hectares. Out of these states, top 10 rice producing states account for more than 80% of total rice production in India.
With the green revolution attained post-independence, India has been able to produce enough rice to meet the requirements of its growing population. The agricultural methods in the country have been modernised in order to obtain better and quality yield. Here is the list of top 10 largest rice producing States in India 2018. These states have contributed to the nation’s gross production to make it one of the leading producers of rice in the world:
10. KARNATAKA- 39.55 Lakh Tons:
Karnataka stand in 10th place in the list of top 10 largest rice producing states in India. Rice is grown in areas of more than 14 Lakh Hectares and some of the rice growing area are Mangalore, Coorg, Belgaum, Udupi, Tumkur, Mysore and Bellary. Karnataka has a yield of more than 2,700 Kg/Hectare and accounts for more than 3% share in total rice production in India. Some of the varieties of rice produced in Karnataka include Rajaboga, Bangarasali, Bellary Sanna, Gajawali and Jerasanna.
9. ASSAM- 45.16 Lakh tons:
One of the Seven Sister States in India, Assam stands next on this list, which produces as much as 45 lakh tons of rice per annum. Chokuwa, Joha and Bora are the special varieties of rice grown in Assam.Rice is an important and highly consumed crop in Assam, which is grown in an area of more than 25 Lakh Hectares. The yield of rice is also good in Assam, which exceed the mark of 1,700 kilograms per hectare.
8. ODISHA- 58.07 Lakh tons:
The 8th position in the list is occupied by Odisha, which contribute more than 5% in total rice production in the country. Rice is a major crop in Odisha and also the staple food of vast population of residents of the state. Rice is grown in more than 65% of total cultivated area in the state. Mayurbhanj, Ganjam, Kalahandi, Bargarh and Sundargarh are some of the major rice growing areas in Odisha. In the last financial year, total rice production crossed the mark of 58 Lakh tons and yield is estimated to be more than 1,400 kilograms per hectare.
7. CHHATTISGARH- 60.28 Lakh tons:
Next state in this list is Chhattisgarh, which contribute more than 5% in total rice production in the country. Rice is the most important crop in Chhattisgarh and grown in an area of more than 37 Lakh Hecatres. Some of the varieties of rice grown in Chhattisgarh are Aditya, Vandana, Tuls, Kranti and Abhaya.
6. BIHAR- 71.62 Lakh tons:
With production of 71.62 Lakh tons, Bihar is ranked 6th in the list of top 10 largest rice producing states in India. The area in which rice is grown in Bihar is more than 33 Lakh Hectares of cultivated land. This state has been finding significant growth in rice production only in the recent years after the state government took some initiatives to increase the yield.
5. TAMIL NADU- 74.58 Lakh tons:
Tamil Nadu stands in 5th place in this list with production of 74.58 Lakh tons. Tamil Nadu holds a share of about 7% of total rice production in the country and area under rice cultivation exceed the mark of 19 Lakh Hectares. Erode, Theni, Kanyakumari, Thoothukudi and Virudhunagr are some of the major rice producing areas in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu records the highest yield of rice in the country of more than 3,900 kilograms per hectare.
4. PUNJAB- 105.42 Lakh tons:
Punjab is not only a leading wheat producer, but also among the highest rice producing states in India. Rice is an important crop in Punjab and grown in more than 28 Lakh hectares of cultivated land. Basmati, the best quality of rice known for its great taste and aroma is grown widely in Punjab. Punjab accounts for about 10% of total rice production in the country.
3. ANDHRA PRADESH- 128.95 Lakh tons:
With production of 128.95 Lakh Tonnes, Andhra Pradesh is next on this list. Andhra Pradesh is another leading producer of rice in the country and hold a share of more than 12% in total rice production of the country. Andhra Pradesh also stands among the states with highest rice yield with yield of more than 3,100 kg/hectare. Swarna, Tikkana, Kavya, Sannalu and Pushkala are some of the varieties of rice grown in the state.
2. UTTAR PRADESH- 140.22 Lakh tons:
Uttar Pradesh is another leading rice producer in India and placed at 2nd in the list of top 10 largest rice producing states in India. Rice is consumed widely in Uttar Pradesh and grown in an area of more than 59 Lakh Hectares. The state also has a good yield of more than 2,300 kilograms per hectare. Uttar Pradesh contributes more than 13% in total rice production in the country. Some of the major rice growing areas areShahjahanpur, Bareilly, Budaun, Aligarh, Saharanpur and Agra. Sarraiya, Manhar, Kalaboro, Saroj and Shusk Samrat are some of the varieties of rice grown in the state.
1. WEST BENGAL- 146.05 Lakh tons:
With a production of 146.05 Lakh Tonnes, West Bengal is the highest rice producing state in India. Rice is grown in a large area in West Bengal in more than 50 Lakh Hectares of land, which is about 50% of total cultivated land of the state. Rice is grown in three different seasons in West Bengal, that include Winter, Autumn and Summer. Some of the major rice producing districts are Burdwan, Hooghly, Murshidabad, Howrah and Nadia. Also, West Bengal has a rice yield of more than 2,600 kilograms per hectare.
This completes the list of top 10 largest rice producing States in India 2018 as per the annual production of rice. Although India is a developing country with more and more industries being setup, Agriculture still remains the backbone of our economy. It is very essential that the country produces enough food and agricultural items to attain self-sufficiency and strengthen the economy.