Milk is referred to be as the complete food, as it contains all the necessary constituents to provide essential nutritional requirements to the body. The milk production in India was poor until there took place the White Revolution. Now, India stands first place in production of milk in the world. India being an agricultural nation is one of the highest producer of wheat, rice along with milk in the world. Milk Production in India has increased and in the last financial year, the total milk production in the country crossed the mark of 140 Million Tons. Here, it is notable that top 10 Milk Producing States 2018 account for more than 80% of the total milk production in India.
10. BIHAR: 6.845 Million Tons:
10th position of the list is occupied by Bihar, which produces more than 6 Million Tons Milk every year. Bihar State Milk Co-operative Federation is the dairy cooperative in Bihar, which came into existence in the year 1983. It sells its various quality products under the brand name of “Sudha Dairy”. Districts covered by the dairy cooperative are more than 25 and has an average milk procurement of more than 10 Lakh Kilograms of milk per day.
9. TAMIL NADU- 7 Million Tons:
Tamil Nadu is another milk producing state and ranked 9th in the list of top 10 highest milk producing states in India. Tamil Nadu in the last financial year witnessed a growth of more than 10% in milk production. Tamil Nadu contributes more than 5% in the total milk production in the country and daily milk procurement of dairy cooperative societies in the state is more than 24 Lakh Litres. There are more than 11,000 Milk Cooperative Societies in the state and 17 Milk Producers’ Union, that gives employment to more than 4 Lakh milk producers.
8. HARYANA- 7.04 Million Tonnes:
Haryana is another leading milk producing state in India and produces more than 7 Million Tons of milk every year. Haryana Dairy Development Cooperative Federation Limited is the state milk federation, which owns 6 milk processing plants in different parts of Haryana. These milk processing plants are located in Kurukshetra, Jind, Ambala, Sirsa, Rohtak and Ballabgarh and have the total milk handling capacity of 6.45 Lakh Litres per day.
7. MAHARASHTRA- 8.734 Million Tons:
With an annual milk production of 8.734 Million Tonnes, Maharashtra is next on this list. Maharashtra Rajya Sahakari Dudh Mahasangh Maryadit or MRSDMM is the state milk federation incorporated in the year 1967 and sells dairy products under the brand name of Mahanand.
6. MADHYA PRADESH-8.838 Million Tonnes
Next state in this list of highest milk producing states in India is Madhya Pradesh, which account for more than 6% share in the total milk production in the country. Madhya Pradesh has 7 dairy cooperatives that account for maximum amount of milk procurement in the state. These dairy cooperatives work under Madhya Pradesh State Cooperative Dairy Federation Limited, which is involved in procurement, processing and selling of quality dairy products in the state
5. PUNJAB-9.714 Million Tons:
Punjab, the state with most fertile soil is placed at 5th in the list of top 10 highest milk producing states in India. Sahiwal, the best indigenous breed of cow with the highest milk yielding capacity is found in Punjab. Sahiwal is a cow breed known across the nation for the highest milk yield and has an average milk yield of 2270 kilograms of milk per lactation.
4. GUJARAT-10.315 Million Tons:
Jewel of the Western Part of India, Gujarat is the next state in this list with an annual milk production of more than 10 Million Tons. Amul, a Gujarat based dairy cooperative is the country’s largest dairy cooperative, which came into existence in the year 1946. Amul is the organization, that initiated and successfully completed the White Revolution in India and made the country the leader in the world in milk production. Amul not only play a vital role in fulfilling the demand of milk and dairy products in India, but also serve as a source of employment for more than 3 Million milk producers.
3. ANDHRA PRADESH- 12.762 Million Tons:
With a production of 12.762 Million Tons, Andhra Pradesh stands at 3rd in the list of top 10 highest milk producing states in India. Andhra Pradesh accounts for more than 9% share in total milk production in the country and play an important role in meeting demand for milk in the country.
2. RAJASTHAN-13.94 Million Tons:
Rajasthan is ranked 2nd in the list of top 10 highest milk producing states in India and produces more than 13 Million Tons of milk every year. Rajasthan has more than 15 dairy cooperatives that fulfil the demand of milk of the state. Among all dairy cooperatives, Bikaner Zila Dugdh Utpadak Sahakari Sangh Ltd has the highest average milk procurement of 90,000 liters per day. Tharparkar breed is originated from Tharparkar district in Pakistan and white or grey in color. This breed is compact, strong, medium sized and adaptable to different situations.
1. UTTAR PRADESH-23.33 Million Tons:
Uttar Pradesh is the highest milk producing state in India and hold a share of more than 17% in the total milk production in India. Apart from being the largest milk producer, Uttar Pradesh also has the largest number of cows and buffaloes, which is more than 1.8 Crore. Kherigarh, Ponwar, Gangatiri and Kenkatha are some of the cow breeds found in Uttar Pradesh. These cow breeds are mainly found in Uttar Pradesh and known for producing milk in high quantity. Uttar Pradesh has more than 40 dairy cooperatives, which supply milk to many states in the country.
This was the list of top 10 highest milk producing states in India by 2018 that have made the country to be self-sufficient in milk and its products. Thus, India has been one of the Top 5 highest milk producing countries in the world, after the White Revolution in the country.